He also knew arithmetic. He saw and heard many wonderful things while with the Savior, and it is likely he wrote down some of the sayings of the Savior as notes or in a journal. Later, these notes would have helped him when he wrote what he remembered about the teachings of Jesus.
In his book, Matthew often stresses that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and came to fulfill the Old Testament prophecies. Matthew wrote specifically to the Jews, who were familiar with those prophecies. Matthew was a man who could have moved comfortably in political circles, and his book mentions things that someone in his position would know. This lie was then spread among the Jews. See Matthew — Matthew must have been informed about the bribery. The book of Matthew is the only place this interesting bit of information is told.
Mark was much younger than the other writers. His mother was a prominent follower of Jesus Christ.
(PDF) Matthew's Nativity Narrative from a Mythic Perspective | Mike Perschon - kaucalbursfobe.cf
Acts tells us that her house in Jerusalem was used as a meeting place for other disciples. Mark was also a follower of Jesus Christ but would likely have been in his teens when the Lord was in Jerusalem. He may have seen and listened to the Savior on occasion. He then accompanied the Apostle Peter to Rome and stayed by him while he was in prison. As a fisherman from Galilee, Peter may not have spoken Greek fluently, so Mark interpreted for him. In his book, Mark wrote down the observations and memories of Peter, one of the original Apostles.
Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. Luke had been a physician, but he left that profession to travel with Paul. The Ascension. Acts It was, of course, the Lord's last interview with his apostles. He repeats to them the promise of the baptism with the Holy Spirit as soon to take place; and charges them not to depart from Jerusalem until this should be accomplished. Their gross and darkened minds, not yet enlightened by the baptism of the Spirit, clung still to the idea of a temporal Prince and Saviour, who should deliver his people, not from their sins, but from the galling yoke of Roman dominion.
During this discourse, or in immediate connection with it, our Lord leads them out as far as to Bethany , and lifting up his hands he blessed them; Luke This act of blessing must be understood, by all the laws of language, as having taken place at or near Bethany.
As these disciples stood gazing and wondering, while a cloud received their Lord out of their sight, two angels stood by them in white apparel, announcing unto them, that this same Jesus, who was thus taken up from them into heaven, shall again so come, in like manner as they had seen him go into heaven. With this annunciation closes the written history of our Lord's resurrection and ascension.
Appendix 1. Simon Greenleaf on the alleged discrepancies of the narratives, with application of the Rules of Evidence as Administered in a Court of Law, excerpted from Testimony of the Evangelists :. The credit due to the testimony of witnesses depends upon, firstly, their honesty, secondly, their ability; thirdly, their number and the consistency of their testimony; fourthly, the conformity of their testimony with experience; and fifthly, the coincidence of their testimony with collateral circumstances.
In the third place, as to their number and the consistency of their testimony.
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The character of their narratives is like that of all other true witnesses, containing, as Dr. There is enough of discrepancy to show that there could have been no previous concert among them; and at the same time such substantial agreement as to show that they all were independent narrators of the same great transaction, as the events actually occurred. That they conspired to impose falsehood upon the world is, moreover, utterly inconsistent with the supposition that they were honest men; a fact, to the proofs of which we have already adverted. But, if they were bad men, still the idea of any conspiracy among them is negatived [sic], not only by the discrepancies alluded to, but by many other circumstances which will be mentioned hereafter; from all which, it is manifest that if they concerted a false story, they sought its accomplishment by a mode quite the opposite to that which all others are found to pursue, to attain the same end.
This probability arises from the concurrence itself.
That such a concurrence should spring from chance, is as one to infinite; that is, in other words, morally impossible. If therefore concert be excluded, there remains no cause but the reality of the fact. Part 3, p. The discrepancies between the narratives of the several evangelists, when carefully examined, will not be found sufficient to invalidate their testimony. Many seeming contradictions will prove, upon closer scrutiny, to be in substantial agreement; and it may be confidently asserted that there are none that will not yield, under fair and just criticism.
If these different accounts of the same transactions were in strict verbal conformity with each other, the argument against their credibility would be much stronger. All that is asked for these witnesses is, that their testimony may be regarded as we regard the testimony of men in the ordinary affairs of life. This they are justly entitled to; and this no honorable adversary can refuse. We might, indeed, take higher ground than this, and confidently claim for them the severest scrutiny; but our present purpose is merely to try their veracity by the ordinary tests of truth, admitted in human tribunals.
If the evidence of the evangelists is to be rejected because of a few discrepancies among them, we shall be obliged to discard that of many of the contemporaneous histories on which we are accustomed to rely. Paley has noticed the contradiction between Lord Clarendon and Burnett and others in regard to Lord Strafford's execution; the former stating that he was condemned to be hanged, which was done on the same day; and the latter all relating that on a Saturday he was sentenced to the block, and was beheaded on the following Monday.
HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY
Another striking instance of discrepancy has since occurred, in the narratives of the different members of the royal family of France , of their flight from Paris to Varennes, in These narratives, ten in number, and by eye-witnesses and personal actors in the transactions they relate, contradict each other, some on trivial and some on more essential points, but in every case in a wonderful and inexplicable manner.
These narrators were, the Duchess D'Angouleme herself, the two Messrs. De Damas and Deslons, two of the officers commanding detachments on the road, Messrs. De Mioustier and Valori, the garde du corps who accompanied the king, and finally M. Fontanges, archbishop of Toulouse , who though not himself a party to the transaction, is supposed to have written from the information of the queen. An earlier instance of similar discrepancy is mentioned by Sully. After the battle of Aumale, in which Henry IV was wounded, when the officers were around the king's bed, conversing upon the events of the day, there were not two who agreed in the recital of the most particular circumstance of the action.
D'Aubigne, a contemporary writer, does not even mention the king's wound, though it was the only one he ever received in his life. See Memoirs of Sully , vol. If we treated these narratives as skeptics -would have us treat those of the sacred writers, what evidence should we have of any battle at Aumale, or of any flight to Varennes?
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Yet these contradictions do not, in the general public estimation, detract from the integrity of the narrators, nor from the credibility of their relations. In the points in which they agree, and which constitute the great body of their narratives, their testimony is of course not doubted; where they differ, we reconcile them as well as we may; and where this cannot be done at all, we follow that light which seems to us the clearest.
Upon the principles of the sceptic, we should be bound utterly to disbelieve them all. On the contrary, we apply to such cases the rules which, in daily experience, our judges instruct juries to apply, in weighing and reconciling the testimony of different witnesses; and which the courts themselves observe, in comparing and reconciling different and sometimes discordant reports of the same decisions. This, remark applies especially to some alleged discrepancies in the reports which the several evangelists have given of the same discourses of our Lord.
Some of these discrepancies seem utterly irreconcilable. Thus, in a case, 45 Edw. Tail , 14 says it was adjudged fee simple, and not frankmarriage; Statham tit.
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Tail says it was adjudged a gift in frankmarriage; while Brook tit. Frankmarriage says it was not decided. Others are irreconcilable, until the aid of a third reporter is invoked. Thus, in the case of Cooper v. Franklin , Croke says it was not decided, but adjourned Cro. But by his account it further' appears, that the case was previously twice argued; and thus it at length resuits that the other reporters relate only what fell from the court on each of the previous occasions.